The following article chronicles
the situation concerning animal rights at New York University and elsewhere
for the last thirty years. See the Editorial
for a more in-depth report.
LEMSIP (Laboratory for Experimental Medicine and Surgery
in Primates), founded by Edward Goldsmith and Jan Moor-Jankowski, moves
to Sterling Forest, New York.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) moves its contract
and the entire colony of LEMSIP chimps to another facility where using
chimps costs less.
Seventeen monkeys in the laboratories of Dr. Edward
Taub are discovered by investigators for People for the Ethical Treatment
of Animals (PETA) in wretched conditions. Taub is charged with 17 counts
of animal cruelty, but is found guilty only of six. Taub appeals, and
is convicted again of only one count. Taub appeals again, and wins.
The court rules that those who experiment on animals and receive federal
tax funding do not have to obey State anti-cruelty laws.
Moor-Jankowski prints a letter in his Journal of Medical
Primatology from Shirley McGreal of the International Primate Protection
League (IPPL) which is critical of the Austrian pharmaceutical company
Immuno. Immuno sues for libel. Moor Jankowski refuses to settle and
seven years later wins his case before the New York Court of Appeals.
Moor-Jankowski cooperates with USDA investigators over
NYU researcher Ron Wood's crack cocaine experiments on monkeys at another
NYU facility. Wood is convicted of depriving monkeys of water and his
research at NYU is terminated.
USDA fines NYU $450,000 for violations of the Animal
Welfare Act. It is the largest such fine ever paid: approximately 10
times the average. NYU is allowed to give part of the cash to the New
Mexico-based Coulston Foundation (TCF), headed by Dr. Frederick Coulston.
The Coulston Foundation houses the largest captive colony of chimps
(600) in the world.
NYU Medical Center transfers ownership of LEMSIP--along
with $2 million and 225 chimps--to TCF.
July 14, 1995
Veterinarian Jim Mahoney recommends in a report that
100 chimps from LEMSIP not be handed over to TCF, citing poor housing,
unsanitary conditions, and inadequate space for animals at the New Mexico
facility. In the same month, U.S. Department of Agriculture files charges
against TCF for multiple violations of the Animal Welfare Act. TCF pays
$40,000 fine, but admits no violations.
NYU's Executive Committee of the Board of Trustees
passes resolution agreeing to transfer of chimps.
August 8, 1995
USDA informs NYU Medical Center of Moor-Jankowski's
complaints concerning Ron Wood. Moor-Jankowski applies for whistleblower
August 9, 1995
Moor-Jankowski is dismissed by NYU Medical Center.
NYU Medical Center pays $15.5 million settlement for
overbilling the federal government. It is the largest such payment by
February 5, 1997
Activists hold a memorial service at Washington Square
for Jello, the first NYU chimp to die at TCF.
Faculty whistleblowers supply activist and NYU junior
Jonathan Weintraub with the memo from Philip Furmanski, Dean of Faculty
of Arts and Sciences (see Editorial). Students and alumni lock themselves
to Main Building to protest animal experiments and the building of more
laboratories to experiment on animals.
November 10, 1997
Sixteen students, members of Students for Education
and Animal Liberation (SEAL) and Students Against Animal Cruelty (SAAC),
occupy NYU President L. Jay Oliva's office demanding the university
send the 20-odd remaining LEMSIP chimps to sanctuaries. After 20 hours,
NYU agrees to their request.
November 13, 1997
At a Morse Academic Plan (MAP) Town Hall, Weintraub
reads from Dean FurmanskiÕs memo. Weintraub is accused of monopolizing
the discussion when others wanted to talk about the MAP.
November 17, 1997
NYU publishes the first of several full-page newspaper
ads denouncing the student activism and what it calls the Òverbal
hijacking of discussions and meetings.Ó
November 24, 1997
Margo Post Marshak, Vice President for Student Affairs,
requests disciplinary proceedings against Jonathan Weintraub for violating
University Policy and Procedures Section 1 Rules of Conduct.
January 7, 1998
Michael Haber, Weintraub's attorney, accuses NYU of
violating its own disciplinary procedures and behaving with hostility
January 20, 1998
Disciplinary proceedings against Weintraub are adjourned
after eight hours.
February 20, 1998
Disciplinary proceedings begin again.
February 23, 1998
NYU Student Activities Board refuses to begin hearings
based on claims filed by the University to revoke all support for SEAL,
the campus animal rights group.
March 3, 1998
Weintraub is given a sanction of suspension. He appeals.
March 11, 1998
An alleged bomb threat clears NYU's Main Building during
mid-term examinations. NYU officials blame animal rights activists.
These accusations are vehemently denied.